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Sequentially Deposited Active Layer with Bulk-Heterojunction-like Morphology for Efficient Conventional and Inverted All-Polymer Solar Cells
Zhan, T., Yang, M., Cai, P., Oh, J., Yuan, X., Wu, B., Pan, L., Zhao, Y., Yang, C., Duan, C., Huang, F., Cao, Y.,
ACS Applied Energy Materials
A sequentially deposited (SD) active layer with bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) like morphology is developed by utilizing a naphthalenediimide-based polymer acceptor PTzNDI-T with a strong interchain interaction and low solubility and a well-soluble polymer donor J52-Cl. The SD active layer is prepared by first depositing PTzNDI-T solution and then depositing J52-Cl solution without any post-treatments, and a traditional blend-cast (BC) active layer is cast from the blend solution of J52-Cl:PTzNDI-T. Both the conventional and inverted all-polymer solar cells (all-PSCs) with the BC active layer present nearly no photovoltaic performance. In contrast, based on the SD active layer, not only do the inverted all-PSCs show a dramatically increased PCE of 6.08% but the conventional all-PSCs with the same deposition sequence also exhibit a similarly high PCE of 6.29%. Notably, the SD active layer shows BHJ-like morphology with well-distributed donor and acceptor phases and thus offers a similarly high photovoltaic performance in conventional and inverted all-PSCs with the same deposition sequence of polymer acceptor and donor, which is the first report of SD all-PSCs. These results provide different insight to the SD active layer for high-performance all-PSCs.