Probing actin filament and binding protein interaction using an atomic force microscopy

Han, SW., Morita, K., Simona, P., Kihara, T., Miyake, J., Banu, M., Adachi, T.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol


Actin filaments play essential roles in many kinds of cellular functions by interacting with hundreds of actin binding proteins. Here we probe the interaction between actin filament and a binding protein, α-actinin, using an atomic force microscopy (AFM) and dynamic force spectroscopy (DFS). The distribution of rupturing events including specific and non-specific interactions of actin filament/α- actinin and BSA/α-actinin were analyzed. The rupture force of the actin filament/α-actinin binding was significantly larger than that of the BSA/α-actinin non-specific interaction, and the peaks represent typical multiple parallel bonds. In addition, based on the rupture forces in different loading rate DFS experiments, the dissociation constant of actin filament/α-actinin binding was estimated. The value is in good agreement with a previously reported value obtained by optical tweezer measurement. We expect that the present method will be useful for interaction measurement of actin filaments and many kinds of binding protein.

DOI: 10.1166/jnn.2014.8777