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Formation Mechanism of Skin-Core Chemical Structure within Stabilized Polyacrylonitrile Monofilaments

Sha, Y., Liu, W., Li, Y. et al.
Nanoscale Res Lett


Although it has been half a century since polyacrylonitrile (PAN)-based carbon fibers were first developed, the exact formation mechanism of skin-core structure of PAN-based carbon fibers, especially the stabilized PAN fibers, was still not well clarified from the viewpoint of the chemical structure. In order to address this aforementioned challenge, a powerful tool with nanoscale resolution named photo-induced force microscopy was applied to map the chemical group distribution in the cross section of stabilized PAN fibers and reveal the evolution mechanism of skin-core structure throughout the whole stabilization process. The results indicated that the formation of skin-core structure of stabilized PAN fiber was attributed to the complex and overlapped chemical reactions caused by gradient of oxygen along radial direction and the formation of dense crystal layer at the interface between the skin and core part. Finally, the crystal layer was destroyed and the monofilaments tended to be homogeneous with further oxidation.

DOI: 10.1186/s11671-019-2926-x